Document Type : Original Scientific Paper
Judiciary Research Institute, Tehran, Iran
Suicide is a complex issue that affects many regions globally, and the factors that contribute to it can differ based on geographical and cultural contexts. In this study, we examine the relationship between socioeconomic factors and suicide mortality rates across 31 provinces in Iran, using data from 2020. We employ spatial econometric methods to analyze the data, allowing us to explore the statistical relationships between economic models and regional science. Our analysis reveals a significant clustering of suicide mortality in some western provinces, as shown by the distribution map of suicide mortality by province. We also find that the unemployment rate has a significant impact on suicide mortality. These findings provide valuable information for developing effective prevention strategies.